Bolivia is a country worthy of admiration for its culture and landscape, but often it is not the most chosen or obvious choice of the tourist. Perhaps it is time to locate on the map, a place that offers beauty, history and an endearing warmth of its people. This is the case of Lake Titicaca, the largest fresh water lake in Latin America and the highest in the world, 3,810 meters high. Its extension covers more than 8. 710 km², of which 5,260 km² correspond to Peru and 3,450 km² to Bolivia.
The site is known in the country as the “Sacred Lake of the Incas” and is the ideal place for those who love nature and stunning landscapes. It has an unforgettable view, from there you can see the Real Mountain Range of the Andes and the existing islands in the Lake.
In addition, Titicaca is the cradle of the Andean civilization and is populated by the Aymaras and Quechuas communities that still maintain their identity, customs and traditions inherited from their ancestors but have fused the Spanish legacy in some artistic and cultural activities. The population that lives in the surroundings is dedicated mainly to fishing and craftsmanship, being characteristic of the zone the canoes of totora, more known like “caballitos de totora”.
In total, the lake waters bring together 36 islands, and a navigation system is in place that maintains contact with Peru and Bolivia by boats linking the Peruvian port of Puno with the Bolivian city of Huaqui. In 1978, the Lake Titicaca Reserve has been created, with the essential aim of conserving its flora and fauna. Its wealth is enormous: there are 60 varieties of birds, 14 species of fish originating from the lake and 18 species of amphibians, among which is the giant frog of Titicaca that can weigh up to 3 kg. If there is an ideal time to visit the lake is between May and October, as the weather will play in favor, with an average temperature of 25 ° C. But, it is important to keep in mind that during the nights, temperatures are usually below 0 ° C throughout the year.
Those who visit the lake are often passionate about their culture and the legends that are told about their origin. One of the popular myths tells that long ago, Lake Titicaca was a fertile valley populated by men who lived happily and peacefully. Nothing was lacking; The land was rich and provided them with everything they needed. On this earth neither death nor hatred nor ambition was known. The Apus, the gods of the mountains, protected their inhabitants. Only one request was made, no one had to climb to the top of the mountains where the Sacred Fire burned.
For a long time, the men complied with this request of the gods. But the devil, condemned to live in the dark, did not tolerate happiness, nor the respect of those who obey the rules. Legend tells him that he was the one who asked them to prove their courage by going to look for the Sacred Fire at the top of the mountains. Then the men began to climb the top of the mountains, but halfway they were surprised by the Apus. The gods realized that the men had disobeyed and decided to exterminate them. Thousands of pumas came out of the caverns and devoured the men who begged the devil for help. But he remained insensible to his pleas.
Seeing the situation, Inti, the sun god, began to cry. His tears were so abundant that in forty days they flooded the valley. A man and a woman only came to be saved on a reed boat. When the sun shone again, the man and the woman did not believe in his eyes: under the blue and pure sky, they were in the middle of a huge lake. In the middle of these waters floated the pumas that were drowned and transformed into stone statues. Then they called Lake Titicaca, the “lake of stone cougars”.
A site marked by history, culture, stunning views and incomparable beauty. Lake Titicaca is the best option for those who like to learn, know and enjoy a place in the world whose magic is worth living.